Aesthetic restoration of teeth (art restoration) is a procedure for correction of acquired and natural defects of teeth. Most often, in such cases, no implantation and prosthetics will be needed. In just a few visits to the dentist, you have the opportunity with the help of innovative technologies to restore the aesthetics, restore the color of the enamel and to reconstruct the front group of teeth.
Indications for the procedure
Indications for the restoration of teeth may serve:
small chips on the tooth surface; pigmentation and darkening of the tooth enamel (with contraindications to whitening);
the need to change the position of the teeth in a row; diastema; caries damage.
Elimination of these defects occurs under anesthesia and does not cause discomfort to the patient. And the result, if the recommendations are followed, will delight you up to 7 years.
Modern methods allow us to carry out restoration of the anterior teeth so that at the end of the procedure, your smile looks natural and aesthetic.
Methods of restoration of teeth
The direct (therapeutic) method is performed using filling materials directly in the oral cavity of the patient. Photocomposites are used that allow restoration of one or two sides of the tooth without placing a crown.
Photocomposites have proven to be strong and aesthetic materials with which the doctor gives the frontal group of teeth an ideal shape in just one step. After treatment for a long life of materials, the patient should visit the dentist for polishing of teeth once every six months.
The indirect method is performed using inlays, onlays, crowns and ceramic veneers. It takes place in several stages. At the first visit to the clinic, the doctor dissects the teeth for the optimal type of construction, selects and agrees with you the color of future restoration, takes impressions and sends to the dental laboratory.
At the next appointment, the microprosthesis is tried on and subsequently installed. Indirect restoration of teeth allows you to correct the wrong tooth shape, get rid of chips, cope with the destruction of tooth enamel and yellow teeth. After several visits, you will have a real Hollywood smile. And the result will remain up to 10 years if you follow your doctor’s recommendations.
There are a number of contraindications to the restoration of teeth: bruxism; some types of bite disorder; thinning dentin; allergies to composites and other materials used in the restoration process.
Human civilization has been striving for aesthetic perfection, including dental perfection throughout history. The aspiration to “create beauty” was characteristic for all epochs and peoples, although in different parts of the world the ideas about the beauty of the tooth row were different and often very specific. For example, archaeological finds of the remains of skulls of Maya people allowed to establish that even then, cosmetic contouring of teeth was carried out: they were specially sharpened, and for a greater “effect” – decorated with inlay of precious stones. In South America and Central Africa, there was also a custom of sharpening teeth. On the island of Bali, women used a method such as polishing to grind enamel, because dark teeth were considered an aesthetic ideal.
In ancient times, there were so-called postulates of beauty, which later influenced the aesthetic canons of modern times. They did not concern the “creation” of beauty, but the proportions that determine it. Thus, for example, the ancient Greek sculptor Polyclet determined that the height of the face fits into the height of the body 10 times1, and it is thanks to his discovery in modern aesthetic dentistry appeared such a concept as physiognomic height of the face*, and it became obvious that it is teeth hold, preserve, determine the proportions of the lower third, and consequently – and the whole face. Another important discovery for aesthetic dentistry was the law of equality of frontal, nose, and oropharynx, discovered by the great Michelangelo.
In the XX century (60s), the scientist Ricketts established that the law of the golden section “works” in aesthetic dentistry as well. Soon after that, aesthetic dentistry began to develop very actively and every decade provides people with more and more opportunities to improve the aesthetics of dentistry. Most of these opportunities relate to the aesthetic restoration of teeth.